The Cape Breton landscape is dotted with small gable-roofed houses, often shingled and with minimal roof overhangs. The Sea and Sky Cottage was designed by architect Craig Applegath and artist Stewart Applegath to resemble those vernacular houses. However instead of the small, closed-off rooms that would be found in older houses, this updated version has an open floor plan and a ceiling that vaults up to the roof ridge.
The cottage sits on an exposed grassy bluff with sweeping views of the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Bright red shutters protect the windows from the storms that regularly sweep in from the Gulf, bringing winds of up to 130 km/hour.
The main floor of the 860 ft2 (79.9 m2) cottage has an eat-in kitchen at one end and the living area at the other. A bank of tall windows in the corner of living room offers a stunning vista of the ocean, with passing whales and lobster boats on view. Stairs placed against one of the long walls lead up to the only bedroom, a large lofted space overlooking the living area. The bathroom is located next to the entrance, partly under the staircase.
Pine was used extensively for the inside finishes. Maritime-style white-painted horizontal boards cover the walls, the ceilings are pine tongue and groove with a clear finish, and the floors feature wide pine planks. Exposed beams and rafters add a lot of architectural character to the interior. Heating is provided by a woodstove placed in the center of the small floor plan, and there is also electric baseboard heat.
The Sea and Sky Cottage can be rented for vacation stays through HomeAway.
Photographs courtesy of Michael Sprague, made available under a Creative Commons license, and Stewart Applegath.
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To isolate the mobilization-induced labor supply shift, the authors exploit the fact that the fraction of males serving in the war was not uniform across states. For example, in Massachusetts, Oregon, and Utah, almost 55 percent of males between the ages of 18 and 44 left civilian work to serve in the war. In Georgia, the Dakotas, and the Carolinas, this number ranged between 40 and 45 percent. The state differences in war mobilization actually reflect a variety of factors. The Selective Services guidelines for deferments were based on marital status, fatherhood, essential skills for civilian war production, and temporary medical disabilities, but left considerable discretion to the local boards. Because of the importance of maintaining a strong food supply to support the war, an important consideration for deferment was farm employment.
States with a high percentage of farmers had substantially lower mobilization rates, and this explains a considerable share of the state variation in mobilization rates.
The authors show that in states with greater war mobilization of men, women worked more after the war and in 1950, but not in 1940. This differential does not appear to be explained by other cross-state differences or possible demand factors, and is not present in the 1940 data nor does a similar trend recur in the decade of the 1950s. The authors interpret these differentials as labor supply shifts induced by the War. Acemoglu, Autor, and Lyle believe these cross-state changes in female employment were caused by greater participation of women during the war years, with some of those women staying on. War changed womens preferences, opportunities, and information about available work.